The People Who Can Help Prevent Prescription Drug Addiction

An estimated 2.4 million Americans use prescription drugs in a non-medical situation for the first time each year.

When patients use their prescription medications differently than prescribed, they increase their chances for dependence. If a patient is taking higher doses, using different routines or combining drugs with alcohol and other drugs, they put themselves at even more risk.

Although prescription drug addiction affects many different types of Americans, there are a few groups of people who have the biggest hand in preventing addiction:

  • Patients– If you have a prescription for painkillers, you’re the first line of defense against prescription drug addiction. You can take steps to prevent abuse and avoid becoming dependent. If your doctor suggests a prescription painkiller, you need to let him or her know about all of your current prescriptions, over the counter medications and herbal supplements. This will help your doctor pick the safest option for you.Once you’ve gotten your prescription, you need to follow the directions to a “T.” Avoid other drugs and alcohol, take your medicine as prescribed and stay on a schedule. Read all the documentation that you can on your prescription and ask your doctor questions.
  • Physicians– Healthcare professionals can help prevent prescription drug addiction by prescribing medicine carefully and watching for abuse. Since more than 80 percent of Americans have contact with doctors each year, the doctors are in a unique position to spot abuse long before it becomes a major project.Physicians should ask about all the drugs a patient is taking – including other prescription painkillers – before prescribing anything. They can also look for signs of “doctor shopping,” moving from doctor to doctor. If there’s any doubt, the doctor’s office can call a pharmacy to ensure that a patient isn’t filling multiple prescriptions for the same drug.
  • Pharmacists – Speaking of filling prescriptions, pharmacists can also be a line of defense against prescription drug addiction. Pharmacies have policies in place to screen for false prescriptions, prescription alterations and other forms of fraud. There are also prescription drug monitoring programs that create state-wide databases in 48 states to watch for suspicious prescription drug addiction activity.

With patient education and vigilance from medical professionals, prescription drug addiction can be curbed. In addition to these professionals, friends and family members who suspect prescription drug addiction can help their loved ones get the support they need move on from these painful addictions.

Treatments For Prescription Drug Abuse

Fact: Prescription drug abuse is on the rise.

According to the most recently available statistics, drug abuse of all types – including prescription drug abuse – reached an eight-year high in 2010. In the National Institute of Drug Abuse survey, nearly three percent of respondents stated they abused prescription drugs in the previous year, up from 2.5% the previous year the survey was given.

Types Of Prescription Drugs That Are Abused

Prescription drug abuse occurs across several different categories of drugs, but Opioids, CNS depressants and stimulants are the most often abused. Opioids, including substances like codeine, oxycodone and methadone, are normally prescribed to treat pain. CNS depressants affect the central nervous system (hence the acronym CNS) and are used for anxiety and sleep disorders. Stimulants are used for ADHD treatments and other hyperactivity disorders.

Even though these drugs are used for a variety of different conditions, prescription drug abuse treatment is basically the same across the board. Addiction to any substance, whether it’s legal or illicit, is treated as a brain disease that is curable with the right approach. Differences in how a patient recovers depends on the drug their addicted to and how long they’ve been abusing that drug.

Treatment For Prescription Drug Abuse

There are two main types of prescription drug abuse treatments that that have proven effective over the years. A successful treatment course may incorporate both types of treatment – behavioral and pharmacological.

Pharmacological treatments use medications to help an addict get over their dependence. They help a patient get over the withdrawal effects of drug detox and overcome drug cravings.

Behavioral treatments handle the psychological and habitual parts of drug use. During this phase of recovery, patients learn lifestyle strategies and behaviors that will help them avoid drug use and deal with the issues that lead to their drug use. Behavioral treatments include individual and group counseling, cognitive and behavioral therapies, strategies for work and relationships and stress management techniques.

Although some people may do well with a behavioral or pharmacological approach on its own, most research shows that they work even better when they are combined together. The pharmacological part of the treatment helps patients remove the physical dependence on the drug and prevent any relapses. The behavioral part can help an addict rebuild their life and build successful strategies for overcoming prescription drug abuse. With this two-pronged approach, prescription drug addicts can end the cycle of abuse, no matter what prescription drug or other substance has a hold on them.

Mothers and Drug Addiction

Many moms face nothing more serious than an addiction to a morning cup of coffee or a bag of their favorite chocolate.

But for some mothers, addiction to drugs – either illegal or prescription – is ruining their lives, and the lives of their families as well. What may start as a way to escape the pain – physical or emotional — of day-to-day life can become a life-threatening illness that can end in an accident,  a jail sentence, a coma or even death. If your mother or a mother in your life is struggling with drug addiction, there are many ways that they can get help before it ends in tragedy.

Mothers Most Likely To Be Addicted To Pain Meds, Pills

Drug addiction in mothers comes in all different varieties – from marijuana to meth – but mothers are more likely to become addicted to prescription painkillers than other varieties of drugs.

Painkillers are not only readily available from a doctor, but there is a perception that because they are legal with a prescription, they are “safe.” Many women who wouldn’t dream of smoking crack or using cocaine can become dependent on a prescription painkiller. They may initially receive their prescription for legitimate pain, and then over time can become psychologically and physically addicted.

Escaping The Pain Of Every-day Life

Vicodin, Xanax and other prescription pain medications can help mothers escape physical pain and psychological stress. Many people assume the medicines aren’t harmful because they’ve been approved by the FDA, have been recommended by a doctor and bought at a pharmacy. However, the active ingredients are similar to heroin and opioid painkillers. They boost dopamine levels in the brain and produce a euphoric feeling, following by harsh withdrawal symptoms.
This makes it difficult, both physically and emotionally, for moms to come off on their own.

Doctors Prescribing Painkillers

There are more opioid painkillers on the market today than ever before, and doctors have started prescribing them with more frequency. Any time there is an increase in availability, there will be more chances for addiction.

The short-term relief that mothers get from prescription drugs make both doctors and patients happy. But the long-term effects can be disastrous.
As a mother’s need for painkillers increases, she may go to excessive lengths to hide her addiction and get access to more pills. She may lie to and steal from friends and family members in order to get more pills. She may “doctor shop” in order to find a doctor that will continue to write her prescriptions. She may begin to miss family events, ignore her responsibilities as a mother and avoid taking care of herself as her addiction takes over.

Help For Mothers With Drug Addiction

Fortunately, there are outpatient and inpatient rehab options that can help mothers with drug addiction. If your friend or family member is an addicted mother, getting her the help she needs can be the best gift you can give.

Roxiocodone: A Powerful Addiction

As an opiate analgesic, Roxiocodone is prescribed to treat mild to severe pain, especially after surgery or injury. What starts out as a necessary and prescribed treatment can become a dangerous dependence or addiction that can lead to personal and professional problems.

Roxiocodone is a brand name for Oxycodone. Roxiocodone is known on the street by other names such as “roxies,” “blues,” and “berries.” Since it contains high concentrations of pure Oxycodone, overdose is more common than other forms of Oxycodone, particularly for users who are switching from one substance to another.

Users Choosing Roxiocodone Over Oxycontin

It has replaced Oxycontin as the opiate of choice among addicts because of its availability and intense side effects. Roxiocodone is prepared with pure Oxycodone and no secondary analgesic (also known as a painkiller), making it much stronger than other variations of Oxycodone. Opiate analgesics are abused for their sedative effects, similar to heroin and morphine.

Roxiocodone can be concentrated by crushing it into a powder, which is taken orally or inhaled through the nose. These methods of abusing Roxiocodone have been reported to be more effective than injecting the drug intravenously.

Roxiocodone Withdrawal Effects

Roxiocodone is very habit-forming. With prolonged use, patients can become addicts. Physical and psychological withdrawal symptoms may occur together or separately, but both can be devastating to a person’s life. With continued use, Roxiocodone usage can lead to more serious complications – like stroke, convulsions or even death.

When they try to quit, they may experience severe withdrawal symptoms, which may include:

•    Excessive sweating
•    Cold clammy hands
•    Headaches
•    Nausea
•    Miosis (constriction of the pupils)
•    Racing heartbeat
•    Palpitations
•    Dizziness
•    Hallucinations

Withdrawal symptoms can also be psychological and may include:

•    Malaise
•    Anxiety
•    Compulsive behavior
•    Depression
•    Anxiety attacks
•    Mood swings
•    Paranoia
•    Insomnia

Trying To Quit Roxiocodone Addiction

If you or a loved one have become Roxiocodone dependent or addicted, it’s important to know that quitting cold turkey isn’t a realistic or good option. Lowering the dosage step by step is the only way to safely end addiction.

You’ll want to speak with a doctor or an addiction specialist to help you step down in a safe and controlled way. If an addiction has become too severe, you or your loved one may benefit from an inpatient rehab center experienced in Roxiocodone addiction.

The Ins And Outs Of Xanax Addiction

Xanax addiction is a serious problem. Those suffering with it may need immediate medical attention to address adverse reactions to the drug, which can include hypotension (low blood pressure, often at dangerous levels) and even coma.

Xanax, also known by its generic name Alprazolam, is prescribed to control and reduce symptoms of panic and anxiety disorders. The drug is an anxiolytic and considered a minor, fast-acting tranquilizer, making it quite effective to treat the immediate needs of those suffering with anxiety. Anxiolytics are also known as antipanic or antianxiety agents. Xanax is meant to reduce acute symptoms within an hour of taking the drug.

How Does Xanax Work?

Xanax works as a depressant and affects the central nervous system much like alcohol does. It produces similar sedative and anxiety-reducing effects, which can lead some people to develop a tolerance to this prescription drug, often leading to abuse and addiction.

Xanax addiction results from the initial psychological dependence, and often increases with intensity after only a few days of use. Abrupt withdrawal from the drug can cause adverse reactions that include seizures and delirium.

Xanax Withdrawal

Common side effects from Xanax withdrawal include:

  • Insomnia
  • Dizziness
  • Malaise (a general feeling of discomfort or uneasiness)
  • Weakness
  • Tachycardia (an irregular heartbeat)

What Is Xanax Rebounding?

Rebounding on the drug is common because withdrawal symptoms set in after a few weeks. The rebound effect, or rebound phenomenon, is the return of the very symptoms the drug was meant to relieve following sudden discontinuation of the drug.

Medications with a known rebound effect can be withdrawn gradually, or, in conjunction with another medication that does not exhibit a rebound effect. Even with their best intentions to quit and stop taking Xanax, many patients to return to regular use.

A tapering regimen may be enforced to wean an abuser off the drug with fewer withdrawal symptoms and chances for rebounding. Because of the psychological dependence that can develop during Xanax addiction, it is also important that a mental health professional be part of the rehabilitation process.

Common signs of Xanax addiction include:

Lack of Responsibility – Losing interest in life’s activities and lack of drive are key markers of a serious Xanax addiction. Abusers can find themselves detaching from loved ones and social obligations as they rebound on the drug again and again.

Compulsion and Preoccupation – Xanax addiction can create an atmosphere of desperation around the abuser, which can cause them to become obsessed with the drug. Compulsive behaviors may result from overuse and cause the abuser to act out irrationally in an attempt to secure more of the drug for use.

Loss of Memory – Long- and short-term memory may become severely compromised by Xanax addiction because of the drug’s sedative-like effects on the central nervous system.

Lack of Emotional Range – Xanax addicts may experience emotional blocks that drastically alter their personality, which is common among anxiolytics addicts.

Impaired Motor Functions – Similar to the effects of alcohol, Xanax addiction can cause lapses in physical agility, making it dangerous to drive a car or work with heavy machinery.